The Grand Council of the Crees

A Short Description of the Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) / Cree Regional Authority

Details the legal positions, responsibilities, structure and some history of the GCC(EI) and CRA.

Posted: 0000-00-00

The Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) and the Cree Regional Authority are two distinct legal entities, however, they have identical membership, board of directors, governing structures and are de facto managed and operated as one organization by the Cree Nation.

The Cree Regional Authority (the "CRA") was created pursuant to legislation of the Quebec National Assembly: the Act respecting the Cree Regional Authority, R.S.Q., c. A-6.1, first adopted in 1978.

The Grand Council of the Crees (Eeyou Istchee) (the" GCC(EI)") was created by Letters Patent issued in 1974 by the Deputy Registrar General of Canada pursuant to the Canada Corporations Act, R.S.C. 1970, c. C-32.

Both corporations are created on a not-for-profit basis.

All Cree beneficiaries are members of the GCC(EI)-CRA.

Both organizations must report annually to the Cree beneficiaries in an annual general assembly. This reporting includes the presentation of audited financial statements and of activities reports.

The GCC(EI)-CRA is governed by a Council-Board of 20 members elected by the Cree beneficiaries as follows:

The powers and authorities of the GCC(EI)-CRA include the following:

GCC(EI) Letters Patent:

CRA Act :

Moreover, as ?legal persons? under the meaning of the Civil Code, both the GCC(EI) and the CRA have the same capacity to exercise civil rights as natural persons:

“301. Legal persons have full enjoyment of civil rights.”

“303. Legal persons have capacity to exercise all their rights, and the provisions of this Code respecting the exercise of civil rights by natural persons are applicable to them, adapted as required.

They have no incapacities other than those which may result from their nature or from an express provisions of law.?

In addition, the GCC(EI) holds among others the following additional capacities flowing from section 157 and subsections 161(1)(d), (l), (w) and (z) of the Canada Corporations Act:

Moreover, the CRA is formally recognized as a Regional Conference of Elected Officers under the terms of sections 97 and 98 of the Act Respecting the Minist?re du d?veloppement ?conomique et r?gional et de la recherche, R.S.Q., c. M-30.01. As such, it acts as the ?primary interlocutor of the [ Quebec] Government for the territory or community it represents as regards regional development.?

In addition, government authorities have been delegated to the CRA such as:

Moreover, numerous federal and provincial legislations refer to the CRA for various purposes including, among others:

* (This is a partial list)

It is also noteworthy that the CRA constitutes the ?Cree Native Party? under the terms of the JBNQA (see parg. 1.11) and, as such, is official and sole representative of the Crees in relation to the application of that treaty and modifications to that treaty.

Moreover, the GCC(EI) and the CRA have entered into numerous agreements concerning various matters of interest to the Cree Nation. Virtually all important agreements between the governments of Canada or Quebec and the Crees have been negotiated and signed through the GCC(EI)-CRA. To name but a few:


In addition, both the CRA and the GCC(EI) are party to numerous administrative and funding agreements with government related to the transfer of funding and the management of programs and services, such as policing, day care, environment, economic development, etc.