The Grand Council of the Crees

Communities

Chisasibi

Chisasibi is located on the Eastern shore of James Bay, and is home to over 3,300. A 90km paved road connects Chisasibi to the Route de la Baie James (James Bay Road). Chisasibi airport is located west of the community, with Air Creebec operating scheduled flights to and from the community.

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Eastmain

Eastmain is the smallest coastal Cree village, with a population of 606. It is linked by gravel road to the Route de la Baie James. The Eastmain River Airport is located close to the village, with Air Creebec providing air services.

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Mistissini

The Crees of Mistissini have resided in the Mistassini Lake area since time immemorial. In the early 1800's, the community of Mistissini's actual location was just a summer encampment due to the establishment of the Hudson Bay Company fur trading post on sight. The North West Company and other fur traders were also in the vicinity and can be considered contenders in the fur trade with the Hudson Bay Company in those days.

Apart from Mistissini Crees they were neighbouring Cree hunting groups such as the Nitchequon, Neoskweskaau, and even some Nemaska people whom eventually came together to make up the Mistissini population in the 1930's. The government assistance began in the early 1940's providing food rations and eventually clothing allowance. It wasn't until the early 1960's that the government assistance was fully in place for the Mistissini Crees.

The James Bay Agreement was signed on November 11, 1975 giving the Crees of the region opportunity of further development in their respective communities. Progressing over the years in many ways the community of Mistissini has developed to what it is today.

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Nemaska

Nemaska (Cree for Where the fish abound) is a small Cree community located on the shores of Lake Champion, in Quebec, Canada. It is the smallest Cree village with a population of 560 people (2001 Canada census). Nemaska is the seat of the Grand Council of the Crees and Cree Regional Authority.

Nemaska is a new and modern village that comprises of Cree families originally living at the Nemiscau trading post on Lake Nemiscau (51°19'N 76°55'W). When the Hudson's Bay Company post closed there in 1970, the residents were dispersed until the new village of Nemaska was built in 1980, over 60 km northeast from the former site. The nearby Hydro-Quebec electrical substation and airport, both called Nemiscau, create confusion as to the town's name. As a result many maps indicate the new site by the old name Nemiscau.

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Ouje Bougoumou

Oujé-Bougoumou (Cree for Crossed by a river) is the newest Cree community located on the shores of Lake Opemisca, in Quebec, Canada. It has a population of 696 people.

The Cree in the Chibougamau area had been marginalized in the 20th century by many forced relocations. After decades of relocations, this band gained recognition by the government and was given land to construct a new permanent village. It was designed by architect Douglas Cardinal (famous for the Canadian Museum of Civilization in Gatineau, Quebec) and was built in 1992. It has won recognition and awards for its modern concepts combining economic sustainability, environmental conservation, and design.

Oujé is accessible by a 25 km gravel road linking to Quebec route 113 not far from Chapais.

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Waskaganish

Located at the mouth of the Rupert River on the south-east shore of James Bay, Waskaganish is home to 2000 people. waskaganish is connected to the Route de La Baie James.

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Waswanipi

Waswanipi is located along Quebec Route 113 near the Chibougamau and Waswanipi rivers, and is home to over 1250 people.

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Whapmagoostui

The northernmost community Whapmagoostui is located at the mouth of the Great Whale River on the coast of Hudson Bay and has a population of 778 people. Although Whapmagoostui is geographically isolated with no access road to the South, the Internet and other telecommunications technology link to the outside world. Residents also enjoy access to modern facilities such as, an arena, gymnasium, swimming pool, health clinic and an elementary and secondary school and a variety of businesses and stores. Two airlines, Air Creebec and Air Inuit, service the community.

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Wemindji

Wemindji is located on the east coast of James Bay in Northern Quebec with a current population of 1,267 residents. Within the village you will find a multitude of services available including Health Care, Public Safety, Fire Department, Police Services, Social Services, Elementary and High School as well as Adult Education and Daycare. Wemindji is accessible by a permanent road which opened in September 1995. This road connects to the famous Route de la Baie James and leads to the Matagami and LaGrande #2 Road at Km 518

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