The Grand Council of the Crees

Critical Issues

Eenou Eeyou Annual Report 2007-2008

This report is on the fourth year of the implementation of the new relationship between the Crees and Quebec. The agreement with Quebec was meant to resolve the differences that the Crees and Quebec had with regard to the implementation of the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA). Few would doubt that in most respects this agreement has been effective in accomplishing the task.

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Agreement Concerning a New Relationship

Originally signed in 1975, the JBNQA was Canada's first modern treaty. It dealt with land and other issues dating back to the late 1800s. However, Canada and the Crees of Eeyou Istchee held different views on how to best implement the JBNQA. After years of litigation, the negotiator for the Government of Canada and the Grand Council of the Crees signed a Statement of Intention in August 2004 to begin an out-of-court process demonstrating a mutual commitment to settling issues through meaningful discussion rather than through the courts.

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Indian Residential Schools Settlement

On November 20,2005, an Agreement in Principle was reached between AFN,Canada, a number of churches, class action lawyers, and independent lawyers to settle claims relating to residential schools. Back in December, 2005 Matthew Coon Come and Diane Soroka reported to the Council/Board on the developments in the residential school file and, in particular, on the negotiations with Canada for the settlement of survivors’ claims. When the Council/Board reviewed the Agreement in Principle, they agreed to approve it in principle but stated that any approval would be subject to consultations with the survivors.

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Paix des Braves

The Agreement Respecting a New Relationship Between the Cree Nation and the Government of Quebec (La Paix des Braves), is an agreement signed on February 7, 2002, between the Government of Quebec and the Grand Council of the Crees.

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Eastmain 1-A (EM1A) Rupert Diversion Project

The project calls for the construction of four dams, 51 dikes, two diversion bays flooding an area of 395 km2, 12,000 m of diversion channels or tunnel and two permanent access roads.

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